During the Ottoman Empire, a key objective of education was to raise 'excellent Muslims'. Hence there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Theology Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the concrete origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, replacing the existing, mostly sectarian instructional system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all instructional institutions under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the exclusively secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican politician People's Party (CHP) religious education was reinstated in 1948. This included the facility of a Professors of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. Very first actions for the facility of Imam Hatip schools began in 1951 under the Democrat Party government, which set up seven unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools encountered the threat of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the intro of the brand-new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only enrol in university programs if they had actually passed courses provided at secular schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel nevertheless, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were offered access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented two key reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were specified as employment schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for higher education.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually at initially, but their numbers expanded quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Celebration), committed to resume junior high schools and giving the right of entry to university through assessment. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of almost four years. Throughout the 1974-75 academic year the number of trainees taking care of the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The proliferation of Imam Hatip high schools is often mentioned as the effect of the National Redemption Party's subscription of a number of coalitions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance since 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a vital turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools acquired the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the area, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of contributing to the education of kids of families who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased since, the variety of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partially due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the overall number of Imam Hatip students was 34,570; in 1997 this number had actually greatly increased to reach 511,502. Alongside this huge boost in appeal, the number of schools also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high reached 601 and secondary schools 402. The boost in both student and school numbers can be credited to elements including the dedication of people to faith, dorm room facilities, scholarships, the admittance of females and an increase in demand for spiritual education.
Research study recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees signed up at Imam Hatip high schools imam hatip kapı giydirme mostly to get spiritual tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the trainee's choice. The 3rd proposed consider the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female trainees in 1976. By 1998, nearly 100,000 women participated in Imam Hatip high schools, comprising practically half of all trainees. This fact is particularly revealing because females are not eligible to end up being either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the introduction of eight years of mandatory education in 1997 has actually seen a sudden decrease in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "employment schools" implied that, although more choices had been made readily available to graduates, obtaining places at prestigious university courses became more difficult.By needing that all eight required years of schooling be spent under the exact same primary-school roofing system, middle schools were abolished. Kids might not enter trade schools (among them the Imam Hatip school) up until the ninth grade (rather than the 6th, as before).